School segregation in European cities have different characteristics and are caused by different factors. In addition, local governments have different levels of responsibilities as public authorities with the capacity to design and implement desegregation policies. However, all European countries are driven by a common legal framework on Childs’ Rights and Economic and Social Rights that are binding and must guide their Education Policy. These guidelines are useful for all European Education Authorities but are particularly addressed to ministries of education at the national level. The guidelines provide a framework for action to tackle school segregation, regardless of the specific distribution of education competencies in each country.